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  • shale oil & gas: a study on refining - wipo

    Shale Oil & Gas: A study on refining - WIPO

    tyrerecyclingplants Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) in shale oil and gas . .. Figure 5: Categories of patents based on refining and usage . . gas for domestic use by 2015. 7 . Purification is the physical separation of a shale oil fractionates of interest from Products of shale oil refining, whether waste residues or refined fractionates, are

  • hydrodesulfurization - wikipedia

    Hydrodesulfurization - Wikipedia

    Hydrodesulfurization (HDS) is a catalytic chemical process widely used to remove sulfur (S) from natural gas and from refined petroleum products, such as gasoline or petrol, jet fuel, kerosene, diesel fuel, and fuel oils. . That sour gas is sent to the refinerys central gas processing plant for removal of the hydrogen sulfide in

  • coal liquefaction - wikipedia

    Coal liquefaction - Wikipedia

    Coal liquefaction is a process of converting coal into liquid hydrocarbons: liquid fuels and This led to the construction of twelve DCL plants using hydrogenation and nine The South African Coal, Oil and Gas Corporation (Sasol) was founded in South Africas national economy, providing around 30% of its domestic fuel

  • production of gasoline and diesel from biomass via fast  - pnnl

    Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast - PNNL

    Feb 2, 2009 Distillation of the hydrotreated and hydrocracked oil into gasoline and diesel fuel That is, the “as received” feedstock to the pyrolysis plant.

  • germanys synthetic fuel industry, 1927-1945  - springer link

    Germanys synthetic fuel industry, 1927-1945 - Springer Link

    war effort some of the plants used forced labor that the German govern- . Bergius obtained other hydrogenation patents, especially his coal-oil paste patent for mixing .. failure of the Kredit Anstalt on May 3,1931 and the Darmstaedter National .. gasoline and diesel oil; residual synthesis gas, after flowing through stan-.

  • review of biojet fuel conversion technologies - nrel

    Review of Biojet Fuel Conversion Technologies - NREL

    This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy. Laboratory .. gallons out of every 42-gallon barrel of crude oil are used to produce jet fuel. The worldwide .. slash, pre-commercial thinnings and tree residue, The glycerol purification process is energy intensive, adding cost to overall process,.

  • biosurfactants: promising molecules for petroleum biotechnology

    Biosurfactants: Promising Molecules for Petroleum Biotechnology

    Oct 31, 2016 Patents on biosurfactants for petroleum industry . surfactants, gas, or combinations thereof to mobilize the residual oil through lowering . activity greater than that achievable with a chemical or plant-derived surfactant. . The ability to purify the products and separate such congeners we expect would

  • castor oil: properties, uses, and optimization of processing  - ncbi

    Castor Oil: Properties, Uses, and Optimization of Processing - NCBI

    Sep 7, 2016 Castor plant grows optimally in tropical summer rainfall areas. . of castor oil as a technically feasible biodiesel fuel, a major obstacle . of most of the residual oil still inaccessible in the remaining seed bulk. To aid in the removal of the remaining impurities, filtration systems 1983 Canadian Patent.

  • united nations statistics division - energy statistics

    United Nations Statistics Division - Energy Statistics

    Patent fuel (hard coal briquettes) - A composition fuel manufactured from coal fines by shaping produced in the manufacture, purification and stabilization of natural gas. It is used as a petroleum refinery and petrochemical plant input and is also used Residual fuel oil - A heavy oil that makes up the distillation residue.

  • overview of applications of biomass fast pyrolysis oil

    Overview of Applications of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Oil

    National Bioenergy Center NREL, 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401, and Bio-oil is a renewable liquid fuel and can also be used for production of chemicals. . residue. Thus, bio-oils cannot be used for applications requiring complete .. Oasmaa, A. Wood pyrolysis oil as fuel in a diesel power plant.