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OIL & GAS A distillation column is a critical piece of equipment in the refining of crude oil. It acts very much like a still, separating product into its different chemical components based on differences in volatility. Oil refineries use two main types of distillation columns. They are: Packed Type Columns – A packed distillation column is […]
amount of crude oil designed to flow into the distillation unit of a refinery, also known as ... refining equipment such as catalytic crackers , reformers , and cokers . Add us to your site...
Crude Oil Pretreatment: Desalting. Desalting is the first separation process that takes place at the front end of a petroleum refinery (i.e., prior to atmospheric distillation; Figure 1.5). Its primary objective is to prevent corrosion and fouling of downstream lines and equipment by reducing the oil's salt content significantly.
The crude oil Fractional distillation Fractional distillation is the separation of a mixture into its component parts, or fractions, such as in separating chemical compounds by their boiling point by heating them to a temperature at which one or more fractions of the compound will vaporize.
The process of crude oil refining. Print. ... The most common method of refining crude is the process of fractional distillation. This involves heating crude oil to about 350 degrees Celsius, to turn it into a mixture of gases. These are piped into a tall cylinder, known as a fractional tower. Inside the tower, the very long carbon chain ...
The crude oil distillation unit (CDU) is the first processing unit in virtually all petroleum refineries. The CDU distills the incoming crude oil into various fractions of different boiling ranges, each of which are then processed further in the other refinery processing units.